Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)

 


Seventy-first session
Third Committee Agenda item 68 (c)

Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs  and representatives

Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark,  Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  Palau,  Poland,  Portugal,  Romania,  Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and  United  States  of America:  draft resolution

Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)

The General Assembly,

Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United  Nations,

Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1 international human rights treaties and other relevant international instruments and  declarations,

Confirming the primary responsibility of States to promote and protect human rights,

Reaffirming the responsibility of States to respect international law, including the principle that all States shall refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State and from  acting  in  any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations, recalling its resolution 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970, in which it approved the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, and reaffirming the principles contained therein,

Recalling its resolution 68/262 of 27 March 2014 on the territorial integrity of Ukraine, in which it affirmed its commitment to the sovereignty, political independence,  unity  and  territorial  integrity  of  Ukraine  within  its internationally

 

1   General Assembly resolution 217 A (III).

 

 

16-18971 (E)      031116

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A/C.3/71/L.26

recognized      borders,      and    relevant     decisions      of   international      organizations, specialized agencies and bodies within the United Nations  system,

Condemning the temporary occupation of part of the territory of  Ukraine  — the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (hereinafter “Crimea”) — by the Russian Federation, and reaffirming the non-recognition of its annexation,

Welcoming the reports of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the  human rights situation in  Ukraine,  of the  Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and of the human rights assessment mission of the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights and the High Commissioner on National Minorities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, in which they stated that violations and abuses of human  rights continued to take place in Crimea and pointed to the sharp deterioration of the overall human rights situation,

Condemning the imposition of the legal system of the Russian Federation and the negative impact on the human rights situation in  Crimea,

Condemning also the reported serious violations and abuses committed against residents of Crimea, in particular extrajudicial killings, abductions, enforced disappearances, politically motivated prosecutions, discrimination, harassment, intimidation, violence, arbitrary detentions, torture and ill -treatment  of  detainees and their transfer from Crimea to the Russian Federation, as well as reported abuses  of other fundamental freedoms, including the freedoms of expression, religion  or belief and association and the right to peaceful  assembly,

Expressing serious concern at the decision of the so-called Supreme Court of Crimea of 26 April 2016 and the decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of 29 September 2016 to declare the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People, the self-governing body of the Crimean Tatars, to be an extremist organization and    to ban its activities,

Recalling the prohibition under the Geneva  Conventions of 12 August 19492 for the occupying Power to compel a protected person to serve in its armed  or auxiliary forces,

Welcoming the continued efforts by the Secretary-General, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Council of Europe and other international and regional organizations to support Ukraine in promoting, protecting and ensuring  human  rights, and expressing concern over the lack of safe and unfettered access by established regional and international human rights monitoring mechanisms and human rights non-governmental organizations to Crimea,

  1. Condemns the abuses, measures and practices of discrimination against the residents of the temporarily occupied Crimea, including Crimean Tatars, as well as Ukrainians and persons belonging to other ethnic and religious groups, by the Russian occupation authorities;

 

 

2   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, Nos.  970-973.

 

 

 


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  1. Urges the Russian Federation:

(a)           To uphold all of its obligations under applicable international law as an occupying Power;

(b)           To take all measures necessary to bring an immediate end to all abuses against residents of Crimea, in particular reported discriminatory measures and practices, arbitrary detentions, torture and other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment, and to revoke all discriminatory legislation;

(c)           To immediately release Ukrainian citizens who were unlawfully detained and judged without regard for elementary standards of justice, as well as those transferred across internationally recognized borders from Crimea to the Russian Federation;

(d)           To address the issue of impunity and ensure that those found to be responsible for abuses are held accountable before an independent  judiciary;

(e)           To create and maintain a safe and enabling environment for journalists  and human rights defenders to perform their work independently and without undue interference in Crimea;

(f)            To permit the reopening of cultural and religious  institutions;

(g)           To revoke immediately the decision declaring the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People an extremist organization and banning its activities, and repeal the decision banning leaders of the Mejlis from entering Crimea;

(h)           To cooperate fully and immediately with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the  Council of Europe on the  situation of human rights  in Crimea;

  1. Requests the Secretary-General to seek ways and means, including  through consultations with the United Nations High Commissioner for  Human  Rights and relevant regional organizations, to ensure safe and unfettered access to Crimea by established regional and international human rights monitoring mechanisms to enable them to carry out their  mandate;
  2. Urges the Russian Federation to ensure the proper and unimpeded access of international human rights monitoring missions and human rights non-governmental organizations to Crimea, recognizing that the international presence in Crimea is of paramount importance in preventing the situation from further deterioration;
  3. Requests the Office of the United Nations High  Commissioner  for Human Rights to prepare a dedicated thematic report on the  situation of huma n  rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol in accordance with the existing mandate and  within  the existing  resources of the human rights monitoring mission in Ukraine, which is currently funded by voluntary contributions;
Decides to continue its consideration of the matter at its seventy-second session under the item entitled “Promotion and protection of human  rights”.
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